Story Elements-

1. characters

2. setting (time and place)

3. plot – action or main events of the story

  • exposition – first part of the plot, author establishes the setting, introduces the main characters and gives additional background information.
  • climax – the high point, the turning point of a story. Usually the most intense part.
  • rising action – the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story or a play toward its climax. Tensions rise.
  • falling action – the action that works out the decision arrived at during the climax. The conflict is – or begins to be-settled.
  • problem
  • solution (resolution) – the ending. It comes after the failing action and is intended to bring the story to a satisfactory close.
  • internal conflict – elements within yourself that interferes with deciding what to do
  • external conflict – elements outside of self that interfere with deciding what to do
  • theme - a statement about life that the author wants to convey to the reader. Sometimes the writer will make a clear statement about theme. Other times, readers will have to make inferences, or reasonable guesses about it.
  • point of view – the perspective or vantage point from which an author presents a story
    • first person point of view – the story is told by one of the characters
    • third person point of view – the story is told by a narrative who is not a character in the story
  • style – the way the author uses words, phrases, and sentences to express his or her ideas. Style includes the author’s word choice, sentence structure, and use of literary devices.
Last modified: Wednesday, July 20, 2011, 12:12 PM